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March, 1971

The California moratorium effort:

Contact:    The People's Lobby, Inc.
Attn: Mr. and Mrs. Ed Koupal
1524 N. Western Avenue
Hollywood, California 90027
Tel: (213) 461-3071

The People's Lobby has undertaken an anti-pollution initiative for the 1972 ballot which includes pesticides, off-shore oil, automobile emissions, and a 5-year moratorium on construction of nuclear power plants in California (section # 16 of the initiative).

The Minnesota moratorium effort:

Contacts:   Minnesota Environmental Control Citizens Assn. (MECCA)
Exchange Manor
26 E. Exchange St.
St. Paul, Minn. 55101
Tel: (612) 222-2998

or: Russell Hatling
144 Melbourne Ave., S.E.
Minneapolis, Minn. 55414

State Senator Niclolas Coleman is introducing a bill to enact a moratorium on new construction of nuclear plants in Minnesota until such time as they are safe.

The Oregon moratorium effort:

Contacts:   Oregon Environmental Council
Attn: Larry Williams
1238 N.W. Glisan Street
Portland, Oregon 97209

or: Citizens for Safe Power
Attn: Joan Reitz and Beulah Hand
4816½ S.E. Bybee
Portland, Oregon 97206

There are two bills under consideration in the Oregon state senate (SB 51 and SB 218) which would prevent nuclear power plant construction anywhere in the state for four or five years. In addition, in May 1970, the citizens of Eugene, Oregon voted in favor of a four-year nuclear moratorium in their area by an initiative petition (Ballot Measure 52).

Contact:    Eugene Future Power Committee, Inc.
POB 5274
Eugene, Oregon 97405
Joseph A. Holaday, President

New York City moratorium effort:

Contacts:   Mrs. Ann Margotson
515 West 122nd St.
New York City 10027

or: Hon. Theodore Weiss, chairman
Environmental Protection Committee
The City Council
City Hall
New York City 10007

On February 17, 1970, City Councilman Theodore Weiss and 27 additional members of the Council introduced a bill banning nuclear reactors from the city. This was later amended to a moratorium. No action has been voted yet.

International moratorium effort:

In November, 1970, a petition began circulating to mobilize biological scientists against environmental degradation. One provision of the petition says:
"Because the crisis is so pressing, we urge that the following actions be taken even while research is going on. We do not offer these as panaceas, but as holding actions to keep our situation from deteriorating past the point of no return: (1). A moratorium on technological innovations the effects of which we can not foretell and which are not essential to human survival. This would include . . . the establishment of vast new nuclear power projects."

Contact:    The Fellowship of Reconciliation
Box 271
Nyack, New York
    For additional information, write to: Committee for Nuclear Responsibility, Suite 1100, 111 East 58th St., New York, N.Y. 10022

    or:         Moratorium on Nuclear Power Plants
    Environmental Action Bulletin
    Emmaus, Pa. 18049


(Below are descriptions as well as some excerpts from moratorium proposals initiated in several states to illustrate the wording and intent of such legislation on a state-wide level.)


      State Senator Nicholas Coleman introduced a bill in the Minnesota State Legislature to enact a moratorium on new construction of nuclear plants in Minnesota until such time as they are safe. Sen. Coleman has been explicit in his wish that "whenever the power industry reaches the point of competence that there is no exposure to the public from radioactive discharges, whether that time is six months or a year, the industry should be allowed to proceed on construction of new nuclear plants. But until this point of competence is reached, the public has every right to expect its state legislators to protect it from the known hazards of radioactive discharges."
      The provisions of the Coleman bill define the period of the moratorium as being:

      PROVISION A: "When there is no public exposure to radioactive effluents or waste discharges, whether accidental or intentional, from the operation of such nuclear plants."

      PROVISION B: "When the radioactive wastes from such nuclear plants can be contained and stored with no possibility of accidental or intentional leakage or discharge into the global environment or surrounding area of said storage site."

      PROVISION C: "When obsolete and non-operable nuclear power plants are decontaminated, disassembled and removed, including mechanical removal of radioactive soil, contaminated surfaces, and shielding material."

      PROVISION D: "When such person (including the directors of any corporation) can provide private insurance to cover total costs and liability resulting from the nuclear power plant's loss of coolant and major meltdown of the fuel rods within the reactor core."

Oregon Legislative Assembly-1971 Regular Session (Sponsored by Committee on Environmental Affairs at the request of the Oregon Environmental Council.)

Summary: Prohibits construction or operation of thermal power plants until July 1, 1975. Requires Environmental Quality Commission to conduct study of ecological and other aspects of thermal power plants and report back to legislature by February 1, 1973. Provides penalties.
      ("`Thermal power plant' means any facility, including but not limited to electrical generation plants, using nuclear energy.")

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