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Listing of Doug Valentine’s MKLULTRA Files Retrieved via FOIA
Doc # Date Content Pages

17 17 Dec 1963 Memorandum For: Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
From: Richard Helms, Deputy Director for Plans
Subject: Testing of Psychochemicals and Related Materials
3

451 30 Jan 1967 Memorandum For The Record
From: Sidney Gottlieb, Technical Services Division
Subject: A Report on a Series of Meetings with Department of Treasury Officials
6

114 24 Mar 1969 Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Meeting with _________________________________ of the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
2

  24 Mar 1977 To: CIA File
From: Michie
Subject: Telecon interview with Charlies Siragusa, former Asst. Deputy Commissioner, Asst. Commissioner, and Deputy Commissioner of FBN, FROM 1959 to 1963 when he retired.
4

66 15 Aug 1977 Memorandum for Chief, PCS/DEF/AA _______
Attention: ______________
Subject: Request for Information
on the Present Where-abouts of _____________ from the Immigration Naturalization Service
1

52 30 Sep 1977 From: George L. Cary, CIA Legislative Counsel
To: Honorable Dante B. Fascell
Responding to D.B.F. re a constituent
who believes certains tests may have been performed on him
1

54 11 Oct 1977 From: George L. Cary, CIA Legislative Counsel
To: Honorable Harold C. Cap Hollenbeck
Responding to H.C.C.H. re constituent concern
of having been a Project MKULTRA test subject
2

53 13 Oct 1977 From: George L. Cary, CIA Legislative Counsel
To: Honorable B. F. Sisk
Responding to B.F.S. re constituent concern
of CIA conducted experiments at the VA Hospital in Palo Alto, CA “some 12 or 13 years ago”
2

62 15 Dec 1977 From: Daniel K. Inouye
To: Admiral Stansfield Turner
Asking for status report follow-up re ST’s 3 Aug testimony
to work with AG abd HEW Sec, “to locate individuals who had been subjects of behavioral control experiments by the CIA in order to determine if they required medical assistance as a result of their participation in these experiments.”
1

55 28 Dec 1977 From: Frank Carlucci, CIA Acting Director
To: Honorable Daniel K. Inouye, Chairman Select Committee on Intelligence
Responding to D.K.I. 15 Dec letter
Major redaction, then: “While the resolution of this problem has taken far longer than could have been anticipated, this delay is a reflection of the novelty and degree of difficulty of the issues which appeared to require resolution prior to initiating a program of this nature.”
2

  28 Dec 1977 Memorandum For: SA/DO/O
From: ______________ Plans and Review Group Central Cover Staff
Subject: House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) Request
“This memorandum is in response to the request in paragraph 4 of Reference A. CCS files contain information on five of the 11 individuals identified in Reference B as follows:
“a. Alias Dan Carswell...
“b. Louis Posada...
“c. Cesario Diosdado...
“d. David Attlee Phillips...
“e. Lucien Conein...”
2

3 3 Feb 1978 From: Gene F. Wilson, CIA Information and Privacy Coordinator
To: Dear Mr. ________________
Responding to request by Mr. _____________ for information
“regarding certain tests you believe may have been performed on you.”
1

63 13 Mar 1978 From: Edward M. Kennedy
To: Admiral Stansfield Turner
Asking S.T. for results of inquiry
by AG - FBI and current status of follow up action. Includes page of Congressional Record of S.T.’s 21 Sep testimony before Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research
2

56 28 Mar 1978 From: Admiral Stansfield Turner
To: Honorable Edward M. Kennedy
Responding to E.M.K. 13 Mar letter
after major redaction, S.T. explains “the delay is a reflection of the degree of difficulty of the issues which prudence dictated addressing prior to initiating any action.”
2

4 3 Jul 1978 From: Gene F. Wilson, CIA Chief, Information and Privacy Staff
Memo For: _________________, Office of the General Counsel
Subject: Request for Advice on Responding to a Possible Drug Testing Victim
1

7 14 Jul 1978 From: _________ CIA Assistant General Counsel
To: Dear Mr. ______________
Describing some of the unresolved legal issues to someone who wrote DCI
“as to what steps th[e] Agency has taken to attempt to identify persons who may have been the unwitting subject of CIA-sponsored drug testing conducted under Project MKULTRA prior to 1964.”
2

5 19 Jul 1978 From: Gene F. Wilson, CIA Information and Privacy Coordinator
To: Dear ______________
Responding to an individual requesting informations
“regarding certain tests you believe may have been performed on you.”
1

  24 Jul 1978 Memorandum For: Director of Central Intelligence
Via: Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
From: Anthony A. Lapham, General Counsel
Subject: MKULTRA - Program to Identify Subjects of Agency-Sponsored Drug Testing
2

1 25 Jul 1978 From: John F. Blake, CIA Deputy Director for Administration
Memo For: DCI
Commenting on Tony Lapham’s _______________________
Majority is redacted.
1

2 16 Aug 1978 From: John F. Blake, CIA Deputy Director for Administration
Memo For: DDST, IG, DTS, DS, DMS
Subject: MKULTRA - Program to Identify Subjects of Agency-Sponsored Drug Testing
Informs recipients that Mr. __________ has been appointed as MKULTRA locator program coordinator.
1

57 14 Sep 1978 From: Admiral Stansfield Turner
To: Honorable Edward M. Kennedy
Subject: followup re CIA legal obligations and authorities to unwitting test subjects
1

50 27 Sep 1978 Memo For: Deputy Director for Plans & Management, OS
From: ____________, Special Assistant to the DDA
Subject: Request for File Search
“We do not know the identity of any of the subjects of the testing and will have to reach them through the persons and institutions that conducted the research. Review of the available files has revealed the names of a number of institutions and persons that apparently were involved in the experimentation in one way or another.”
3

97 27 Sep 1978 Memo For: Chief, Policy and Coordination Staff, DDO
From: _______________, Special Assistant to the DDA
Subject: Request for Record Search
“Attached is a list of people known to have been involved in MKULTRA research.”
3

8 28 Sep 1978 Memo For: Director of Medical Services
From: John F. Blake, DDA
Subject: Records About Drug Experimentation
“In order to avoid repeating research that has already been done, we need to know what has been done and how confident we can be that all records pertaining to drug activity have been found. Accordingly, you are requested to submit to the Deputy Director for Administration by 13 October 1978 a report describing the records search as it has been, or is being, conducted in your office.”
2

68 28 Sep 1978 Memo For: Director of Medical Services
From: John F. Blake, DDA
Subject: Records About Drug Experimentation
“Exploratory discussions with representatives of components in your Directorate have given the impression that they are as confident as they can reasonably be, excepting only the inescapable possibility of human error, that all records relating to MKSEARCH, MKULTRA, and OFTEN/ CHICKWIT have been found. We understand that:
....“There are no MKULTRA records that reveal the drugs used or the identities of unwitting subjects of tests conducted in the safe houses in New York and San Francisco. There is no prudent or practical initiative the Agency can take to find and inform them. If you will verify the accuracy of this understanding, we can exclude the safe house operations from further concern and concentrate our efforts on the remainder of the MKULTRA records.”
3

48 Sep 1978 Memo For the Record
From: ________________
Subject: Evaluation of MKULTRA Drugs
After checking with the Office of Scientific Intelligence, Dr. reported that the necessary expertise is not available in the on duty resources of OSI either. We will have to seek external assistance, and the most likely source is the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.... Dr. _________ mentioned that OSI has a computer file that serves as a sort of anthology on drugs. The file contains data about the properties of drugs and leads to literature about them. When we have a composite list of drugs used in MKULTRA experiments it may be useful to run it against the file as a first step, and a research aid to the subsequent evaluation.
2

45 12 Oct 1978 Memo For: Deputy Director for Administration
From: ________________, Acting Deputy Director of Operations
Subject: Records About Drug Experimentation
“During the past three years the Directorate of Operations has conducted an intensive search of its inactive and active records holdings for documents which in any way might be related to MKULTRA and other subjects of legal, investigative or legislative interest.”
2

40 16 Oct 1978 Memo For: Deputy Director for Administration
From: Charles A. Bohrer, M.D., Director of Medical Services
Subject: Records About Drug Experimentation
“A complete file-by-file search of our administratives records at the Records Center and Agency Archives was completed in July 1978. All records located as a result of these searches have been surfaced to the appropriate authorities. 2. As a result of these searches, we are 100% confident that no retrievable OMS records pertaining to drug activities remain undisclosed.”
1

42 16 Oct 1978 Memo For: Deputy Director for Administration
From: __________, Executive Officer, OL
Subject: Records About Drug Experimentation
Status of search for records is described.
1

39 17 Oct 1978 Memo For: Deputy Director for Administration
From: Executive Secretary
Subject: Review of Records about Drug Experimentation
“...a review of what might be squirreled away in Records Center has revealed the attached memorandum dated 15 April 1960, wherein the Chief/Executive Registry/DCI instructed that materials related to MKULTRA and ARTICHOKE be destroyed. An examination of the Job number suggests that the materials had to do with authorizing expenditure of funds for specific operations 1951-55. I doubt that any of these materials mentioned the names of those being tested.”
1

41 18 Oct 1978 Memo For: Deputy Director for Administration
From: __________, Director of Finance
Subject: Records About Drug Experimentation
“What degree of confidence can be assigned to the proposition that no records pertaining to drug activities remain undisclosed? Understandably it must be significantly less that 100 percent.”
3

69 24 Oct 1978 Memo For: Deputy Director for Administration
From: Leslie C. Dirks, Deputy Director for Science and Technology
Subject: Records About Drug Experimentation
“Only two of the offices currently in the DDS&T have been involved in drug experimentation — OTS and ORD. Attachment 1 [2 pages] is a memorandum from the Director, OTS which states that D/OTS is as certain as he can be that OTS records contain no additional unrevealed drug-related documents.... Attachment 2 [23 pages] is a lengthy package of documentation compiled by ORD primarily concerning Project OFTEN.”
27

9 24 Oct 1978 Memo For The Record
Subject: MKULTRASubprojects 7, 27, 35, and 40 - _________________
1. The earliest document of substance in the file of subproject 7 is a letter to the Geschickter Fund from Dr. Harold A. Abramson dated June 8, 1953. The letter acknowledges support for the previous year’s research on LSD 25 and requests support during the year July 1953 - July 1954. There is a separate reference in the file to "RD-37", presumably a research and development contract or project....
2. The request for support during the 1953-1954 year says that a psychiatrist will "analyze the verbaturn recordings in over 100 experiments in which LSD 25 has already been given," inferentially during the first year. Among the things to be studied were the reaction time to light and sound and eye-hand coordination. This, together with the item in the budget for payment to the subjects suggests that subjects were aware that they were participating in experimentation. The proposal also says:
"One of the difficulties of determining explicitly the effect of the drug itself is that the subject and the observer are both conscious of the fact that an experiment is being performed. It is hoped in the next year that subjects on the Neurology Service who are essentially normal from a psychiatric point of view will be given unwitting doses of the drug for psycho-therapeutic purposes. In this way more valuable experiments w ill probably be carried out in spite of hospital conditions."
3. Subproject 27 is a continuation of subproject 7 to carry the research through from July 4, 1954 to July 3, 1955. A letter to the Geschickter Foundation dated February 22, 1954 requests a terminal grant to permit consolidation and analysis of the data gathered during the first two years, to search for a suitable antidote, and to determine what happens during rapid desensitization following repeated high doses of LSD 25. Part of the work was to be done at the _____________________ continue the work on the metabolism of nerve and brain tissue and to investigate the action of LSD 25 on the development of the nervous system by studying the embryological development of the developing embryo as a whole and the effect of LSD 25 on the organizer itself.’ Funds for the purchase of animals were included in the budget.
4. Subproject 33 was established for the purpose of correcting an error in the payment of the service charge to the Geschickter Fund for subproject 27.
5. Subproject 40 was established to continue support to the research of Dr. Harold A. Abramson from 4 July 1955 to 4 July 1956, primarily at the. ____________ ... About half the time was to be devoted to study of commercially important compounds with the rest of the time devoted to antidote and synergy experiments on man as well as lower forms. Additional funds were to have been sought from other sources "as well as O. N. R." (Office of Naval Research?). Abramson suggested that he would apply to the Public Health Service for a grant "if that is not contra-indicated." ________________ furnished "many compounds" and "cooperated in many ways in facilitating the program of the experiments."
6. By letter dated June 12, 1956 Dr. Abramson requested financial support for continuation of the work under subproject 40. At the request of TSS/CD, Dr. Abramson agreed to investigate the feasibility of using aerosols as delivery systems. He was also to explore the blocking of LSD reactions by investigating what might be causing a blocking reaction in tissue extracts, keeping in mind possible application of these compounds to experimental and clinical psychoses in man."...
9. Because the principal investigator. Dr. Harold A. Abramson was used as a consultant in other MKULTRA operations in New York City, a separate letter will be addressed to him requesting his permission to have a representative of the Agency to pay him a visit.
3

10 26 Oct 1978 Memo For: Deputy Director for Administration
From: ________________, SA/DDA
Subject: MKULTRA Notification Program - Progress Report
2. a. Summaries of the 149 MKULTRA projects prepared by OTS and the IG _______________ and the categorization of those projects prepared by the Office of the General Counsel have been reviewed....
d. Draft letters have been prepared to _______________ and Harold A. Abramson. These drafts have been sent to OGC for review and contribution of some language to cover the legal niceties of the Privacy Act and whatever other statutes may apply. Probably we will hold external correspondence until it is all completed so everything will hit the fan at once....
f. A composite list of drugs used in MKULTRA projects has been compiled and OSI has been requested to check them against their computer file to produce a printout that will describe pharmacological characteristics of those found. When we receive this report in the next several days we will know what, help we may require from outside sources, HEW presumably, for evaluation of long term effects.
g. Names of individual researchers identified in the MKULTRA files have been listed by project. DDO has been requested to make available for review any 201 files they may find on these people and the Office of Security has been asked to run name checks and give us file summaries. These searches are not complete but the responses so far are informative and encouraging - none of them suggest any different areas of concern.
h. Names of principal private researchers have been searched through Who’s Who in America and similar library sources. Those most deeply involved represent an impressive array of resources....
k. 25 MKULTRA projects await action. They fall into seven.groups according to institution or investigator. I am proceeding with, the review of those groups and preparation of appropriate correspondence....
3. Until we had our session with the General Counsel last Thursday, I felt reasonably satisfied with our methodology and the progress we are making. We are not waiting idly for him to redefine and expand the problem beyond drug experimentation. Regardless of how that comes out, we still will have to do what we are doing with MKULTRA. I am sure you find this fascinating and wait with baited breath for chapter 2.
2

11 13 Dec 1978 From: CIA
To: Dear _______________
seeking information on George H. White
We are compelled, therefore, to solicit the cooperation and assistance of institutions and individuals who may have some records or recollections that would be helpful.
______________________________ We are particularly interested in anything you may recall about the activities of George H. White, who you may also have known as Morgan Hall, and anything you may know about the use to which the premises at ________________________________ were put.
2

__ 18 Dec 1978 Memo For The Record
Subject: MKULTRA Subproject 39 - ____________________
1. Subproject 39 was created by memorandum for the record dated 9 December 1954 to "exploit the research potential that is represented by a group of 142 criminal-sexual psychopaths confined in the ______________________________ Several materials and techniques will be assessed for their information-eliciting properties... It is thought that these individuals have the kind of motivation for withholding certain information that is comparable to operational interrogation situations in the field."...
10. Subproject 39 seems clearly to have been developed to satisfy a requirement generated by CIA. The concept of the research had been discussed with ____________ by the Office of Security, within the scope of Project ARTICHOKE over a period of 18 months before actual studies began. The principal investigators were officers in the employ of the ___________________ with parallel interests and many years of experience in polygraph, drug, and hypnotic interrogation.
5

12 28 Dec 1978 From: CIA
To: Dear ________________
soliciting data on MKULTRA
Unfortunately, the facts in our surviving records are so fragmentary that it is difficult to make informed judgments about whether the substances used or the conditions under which the research was conducted might require notification of the individuals involved. We are compelled, therefore, to solicit the cooperation and assistance of institutions and individuals who may have some records or recollections that would be helpful. We find that you were directly interested in some aspects of the MKULTRA program _______________________ We are particularly interested in work you may have participated in, or know anything about, at _____________________ We also have a special interest in any knowledge you may have about training courses conducted at Agency facilities or under Agency sponsorship.
2

13 28 Dec 1978 From: CIA
To: Dear _______________
responding to reply from soliciting data on MKULTRA
You have told us very candidly what you know about premises in __________ and we appreciate that. I have no reason to believe that you might have any additional direct knowledge but one fact focused upon rather intently by the Congressional investigators was the question of why the Agency would continue to fund for so many years facilities put to such limited CIA use; why did CIA fund facilities for use by the Bureau of Narcotics? Why were they funded under a program designed to support behavior modification research? What did CIA get out of it? Neither the CIA nor the Bureau of Narcotics witnesses were able to give satisfactory answers to these questions. Of course, the question of what the Bureau of Narcotics used them for and what they got out of it was never asked and the possibility that the Bureau of Narcotics used them to administer drugs was never explored. I intend to explore it, if I can identify and find the right person to ask. Meanwhile, if you have any additional recollections that would help us find the answers to these questions, they would be very much appreciated. A couple of further questions occur. Why did CIA use safehouses for witting experimentation rather than rely upon work being done at institutions? Were subjects of these experiments all CIA employees? If not who were they and what was their motivation for participating? I realize, as you have said, that you were not in a position to have complete first hand knowledge of every use to which the safehouses may have been put, but your candid response to my earlier letter prompts me to ask these questions on the chance that you may have some peripheral recollection that would be helpful.
2

14 28 Dec 1978 From: CIA
To: Dear ____________
soliciting data on MKULTRA
This is a replica of page 1 of document # 12 (above) and clearly sent to a different party.
1

67 4 Jan 1979 Memorandum For: Director of Central Intelligence
From: John F. Blake, Deputy Director for Administration
Subject: Drug Notification Program - Status Report
DCI signature requested on three letters; status report on BLUEBIRD, ARTICHOKE, CHICKWIT, OFTEN, MKULTRA, and MKSEARCH.
  1. Action Requested: Your signature on three letters is requested:
    1. A letter to Secretary Califano requesting that he designate someone to furnish guidance on how to apply rules or standards of the Government developed for use of other agencies whose research projects have put them in positions of having to seek and notify subjects; to furnish guidance about whether CIA is the best agency to take the lead in a notification program, since other agencies of the government were involved in the MKULTRA program; and to help us with a pharmacological evaluation of drugs used to determine their potential for having caused harmful long term aftereffects.
    2. A letter to the Secretary of the Army requesting that subjects of research under project OFTEN be included in the Army notification program. Apparently there were only two such individuals and there is some difference of opinion between the Department of Defense and the Agency about whether testing was done while the project was being funded by CIA or after Agency funding terminated. Regardless of that issue, if tests were done they were conducted by Army personnel under Army procedures and protocols at an Army installation using a substance developed in an Army R&D program. Under these circumstances it seems reasonable that test subjects should be notified by the Army if notification is appropriate.
    3. A letter to the Attorney General requesting assistance in seeking and interviewing present or former employees of the Bureau of Narcotics to find out what really happened in the New York and San Francisco safehouses. CIA may be somewhat less culpable for any direct role in unwitting testing than we were prepared to state at the time of the Senate hearings. A 1943 memorandum to General Donovan transmitting a report from George White has been found reporting unwitting use of drugs as an aid in the interrogation of a Mafia figure at a safehouse in New York in 1943. At that time George White was a Bureau of Narcotics employee working with or assigned to OSS. This is the same George White who was the principal in the safehouse operations attributed to CIA in the 1950’s. Former CIA employees with whom the question has been discussed have said that the safehouses were primarily for Bureau of Narcotics, not CIA use. It seems possible that what went on in the safehouses remains a mystery because the right question has never been asked of the right people. The Senate questioners asked only what CIA was doing in the safehouses and no one questioned could furnish details. What the Bureau of Narcotics Agents were doing in those safehouses remains to be asked. The letter you are requested to sign is intended to open the door to find the right person to ask.
  2. Status Report:
    1. Deputy Directors and Directors of Offices involved in the drug research programs have given their assurances that, barring only human error, there are no drug related programs or projects that have not been surfaced.
    2. Drugs used in BLUEBIRD/ARTICHOKE are not likely to have caused harmful long term aftereffects, and drugs were administered only to foreign nationals, e.g., defectors and prisoners of war; no U.S. citizens were involved as subjects. No further action is required.
    3. Project CHICKWIT was concerned with collection of information about foreign pharmaceuticals. No human testing was involved. No further action is required.
    4. Project OFTEN is discussed in paragraph l.b. above. Subject to your signature on the letter to the Secretary of the Army, no further action is required.
    5. 85 of the MKULTRA, MKSEARCH and follow on Grants did not involve human experimentation, and no further action is required.
    6. 40 of the MKULTRA/MKSEARCH/Grants where humans were involved require no further action. 18 of these require no action because no drugs were involved. 22 require no further action because drugs used were not likely to have caused harmful aftereffects; subjects were witting volunteers, usually paid; research was conducted under the management and substantive control of the institution such that there is no CIA liability; or some combination of these factors.
    7. MKULTRA, MKSEARCH and the Research Grants where human involvement is known or suspected are divided, for the sake of convenience, between those involved with institutions and those involved with the safehouses in New York and San Francisco.
      1. Six MKULTRA subprojects relate to the safehouses. The letter to the Attorney General described in paragraph l.c. above is intended to get at part of the safehouse problem. Letters seeking interviews with eight former Agency employees known, to have been acquainted with the MKULTRA program are ready for dispatch as soon as we have current addresses. In addition, letters have been addressed to the physician in New York and the physician in San Francisco who acted as medical consultants to the safehouse operations requesting their assistance and interviews. We have not yet heard from New York but we have received a long letter from San Francisco. A copy of that letter is attached and is worth careful reading. Each of these physicians was also involved with four MKULTRA/MKSEARCH projects (4 on the west coast and 4 on the east coast) conducted at institutions. The institutional projects with which these physicians were associated used witting, paid volunteers; the fact and substance of the research was known to the institutions involved; and, insofar as can be determined, the rules and procedures of the institutions were followed. Only the fact of CIA funding was concealed. The letter from the San Francisco physician confirms these conclusions. The institutions have accepted implicit responsibility for the work dene and the manner in which it was conducted.
      2. Other than those projects related to the safehouses, only 15 subprojects involving only four researchers and possibly one institution require action. Action is required in these cases to seek further information; not because there is any suggestion that anyone might have been harmed. The files simply are too incomplete to permit confident conclusive judgments-to be made. Further, three of the four investigators were at one time employed by the Agency, were involved in 14 of the 15 subprojects requiring action, and may have some knowledge beyond the scope of the particular projects with which they were directly involved that might be helpful. Letters have been sent to two ot these individuals, and letters to the other two are ready as soon as we have current addresses.
  3. Summary:
    In sum, unwitting testing sponsored directly by CIA seems to have been limited almost exclusively to the safehouse operations. Whether CIA or the Bureau of Narcotics was most directly responsible remains to be determined. Apart from the safehouse activities we have found for the most part that CIA was interested in the results of research initiated and sponsored by other organizations and conducted in accordance with professional and ethical standards applicable to the particular circumstances at the time. We have found no evidence that CIA exerted undue influence or attempted to coerce individuals or institutions to undertake research they might not otherwise have undertaken nor did the Agency attempt to cause any compromise of professional and ethical standards under which the research was conducted. None of the research conducted by private institutions was clandestine; studies were carried out openly and the results in many cases were published. As a matter of fact, it can even be reported that some significant contributions were made to the advancement of psychiatry, pharmacology and medicine.
    Finally, as a matter of interest, I would like to bring to your attention one paragraph of a letter received from the President of ___________ in response to the General Counsel’s letter last year notifying him of involvement. The President of ___________ said:
    "If I had been at the time individually aware of such a research project and had been called upon to pass judgment on it, I would have judged it by the merit of the particular project and not by which governmental agency was directly or indirectly sponsoring the research. As far as I am concerned the CIA is just as respectable as any other governmental agency or private foundation ... I wonder whether most of this concern about these research projects arises not out of any ethical considerations but out of hostility in certain circles toward anything done by the CIA whether openly or covertly."
Our investigation thus far tends to confirm his insight.
We will keep you informed as further progress is made.
4

15 9 Jan 1979 From: CIA
To: Dear ________________
soliciting data on MKULTRA
We find that you were directly interested in seme aspects of the MKULTRA program during your association with the Agency and that your interest continued for some years after you left the Washington area.
2

71 10 Jan 1979 From: Admiral Stansfield Turner
To: Honorable Clifford L. Alexander, Jr., Secretary of the Army
During the hearings before the Senate subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research in September 1977 it became apparent that there was a difference of opinion between CIA and the Department of Defense. This difference related to the question of whether tests of the compound EA#3167 on human subjects occurred before or after CIA funding of Project OFTEN had terminated in 1973. Regardless of which agency was funding the project at the time the tests were conducted in June 1973, one agency should be responsible for whatever follow up is appropriate.
Since the actual experiments were conducted at an Army installation by personnel at the Edgewood Arsenal using a compound developed from an Army R&D program, under procedures and protocols of EARL I have assumed that the subjects of the tests would be included in your notification and follow up program. Should this be an erroneous assumption, I would very much appreciate your including them in your program as you may deem appropriate.
1

67 10 Jan 1979 From: Admiral Stansfield Turner
To: Honorable Griffin B. Bell, Attorney General of the United States
Subject: Drug Notification Program - Status Report
As nearly as we can determine from records available, the CIA and the Bureau of Narcotics engaged in an operation of joint interest to the two agencies that may in some way have involved the administration of drugs to human subjects without their knowledge in safehouses in New York City and San Francisco. Exactly what took place in these facilities has not been determined, and neither our records nor the records of the Bureau of Narcotics (Drug Enforcement Administration) disclose any information that is useful in attempting to establish the purposes to which they were put by CIA, or in identifying persons who might have visited them for whatever purpose. Moreover, testimony before the Congress in the fa ll of 1977 by former employees of CIA and the Bureau of Narcotics revealed a distressing failure of recollections about CIA use of safehouses. The question of how the Bureau of Narcotics used them was never raised....
For your information, we sent a letter to the Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration in August 1977 notifying him that the Bureau of Narcotics had been involved with the MKULTRAProgram. Copies of relevant CIA documents were furnished for review to a representative of the Drug Enforcement Administration in September 1977 and returned to CIA in March 1978. The purpose of the notification and review was to determine whether the Drug Enforcement Administration wanted CIA to continue protecting the identity of the Bureau of Narcotics against disclosure to the public.
2

16 15 Jan 1979 From: CIA
To: Mr. ______________, CIA
This is in response to your letter of 9 January 1979.
It is a little surprising to hear that such meager information is available within the Agency on such a critical and priority program that happened over twenty years ago.
With respect to activities at _________________ together with me as a co-investigator worked on the pharmacological and neurophysiological effects of various pharmacological, hallucenogenic and neurophysiological agents on animals and fish only. The only human subjects involved were volunteers involved in the alcohol neurological research programs with ____________________ which were a part of the ongoing research on alcohol of many years duration before I was involved in the program.
I have absolutely no information regarding _______ The name is totally foreign to me. ______ was involved in doing basic animal studies on large animals on materials sent from the Agency and the results returned as raw data.
Practically all the research activities have been published in the various scientific journals and cleared by the Agency before publication. Again, to the best of my knowledge and recollection, absolutely no humans were utilized in experimentation or research in any of my activities, nor those of my associates, in any research or activities directly or indirectly associated with the Agency.
1

6 15 Jan 1979 Note to File
The MKULTRA index was searched for the names ________ There is no indication that they were involved in the MKULTRA program. File 33 did not contain the name of the requestor - _________
1

17 17 Jan 1979 From: CIA
To: Dear __________
Subject: soliciting data on MKULTRA
This is a replica of page 1 of document # 12 (above) and with an additional sentence at the beginning of the final paragraph.
2

94 19 Jan 1979 Subject: MKULTRA Notification Program
From: John F. Blake, Deputy Director for Administration
To: DDCI, DCI
Subject: Drug Notification Program - A Status Report, 15 January 1979
A few days ago with the agreement of the Acting Director of Public Affairs and the Office of the General Counsel I recommended that you take no further action with respect to the Bill Richards’ article about Congressional testimony in last Friday’s Washington Post. At that time we were thinking of action such as a letter to the editor and considered that inappropriate.
After further discussion, we have now agreed that letters to Senator Bayh and Senator Kennedy would be desirable. Neither of the Senators has inquired, about the Richards’ article, but we believe it preferable to take the initiative rather than wait for an inquiry and react. We also believe it would be advantageous to present them with a progress report on the notification program. This too, may head off an inquiry and it may tend to offset any adverse reaction likely to be generated by the ABC network special due to be aired later this month....
We are left, then with MKULTRA, MKStARCH and some follow-on grants. The magnitude and scope of these programs has been somewhat misunderstood and misrepresented. While there were a large number of subprojects, we find that, rather than continue a subproject from one year to the next, many times new subprojects were created. For example, subproject 149 was a continuation of 132; 132 was a continuation of 42, and so on. In some cases as many as six or eight subprojects may have been created when one subproject could simply have been extended from year to year. We have not been able to learn why this was done, but it does tend to distort the actual total number of activities undertaken.
In any case, we have found that 85 of the MKULTRA, MKSEARCH and follow on research grants did not involve human experimentation, and no further action is required. Forty of the MKULTRA/MKSEARCH/Grants where humans were involved require no further action: 18 of these require no action because no drugs were involved; 22 require no further action because the drugs used would not have caused harmful aftereffects. Subjects were witting volunteers, usually paid; research was conducted under the management and substantive control of the institution conducting the research such that there is no CIA liability; or some combination of these factors.
The remainder of the MKULTRA/MKSEARCH and research Grants where human involvement is known or suspected is divided, for the sake of convenience, between those involved with institutions and those involved with the safehouses in New York City and San Francisco.
As nearly as we can determine so far, the safehouses were jointly operated in some sort of cooperative effort between the former Bureau of Narcotics and CIA. During testimony taken by the Senate Subcommittee on Health and Scientific Research in September 1977 former employees of the Bureau of Narcotics and CIA were questioned rather extensively about the uses to which the safehouses were put by CIA. The answers were less than satisfactory, but the question of what uses were made of the facilities by the Bureau of Narcotics was never asked. Yet, testimony given by a former Bureau of Narcotics employee seems to carry a clear implication that the Bureau was the primary user and CIA’s use of the safehouses was secondary.
9

65 19 Jan 1979 From: Stansfield Turner
To: Honorable Joseph A. Califano
seeking “guidance in applying any rules or standards that may exist to govern notification of subjects possibly harmed by Government actions.”
1

18 22 Jan 1979 From: Mr. _______________________
Central Intelligence Agency
To: ____________________
In reply to your letter of January 17, 1979 would advise, as I am the only living member of the original team involved in the research at _________ I feel it my duty to relate whatever my recollection serves me in this matter. I do not have any material data, but would be pleased to talk with a representative of your agency, if this can be arranged.
Yours truly, _________________
1

  24 Jan 1979 Memorandum For The Attorney General
From: Larry A. Hammond, Acting Assistant Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel
Subject: Re: Assistance to CIA to identify unwitting subjects of drug-testing
1

19 26 Jan 1979 Memorandum For: Director of Security
From: ______________ Special Assistant, DDA
Subject: MKULTRA - Subject Identification Program
In our attempt to identify individuals who may have been harmed as a result of their unwitting participation in CIA’s behavior modification program we have made an effort to contact all individuals who were in a position to have access to the information desired. The key individual in the most controversial program was the Bureau of Narcotics Agent George Hunter White, now deceased. Mr. White left a diary to which the Senate investigators, and the press as well, have had access....
This Task Force desires access to the diary, preferably without going to California. Please explore the possibility of obtaining the diary, and other associated material and documents if any, oloan.
2

51 5 Feb 1979 From: Central Intellgience Agency Assistant General Counsel
To: James O’Grady, Esq.
Subject: Re: Your File No. L4730, Mrs. Val Orlikow
Your letter of 6 February 1978 suggesting a compensatory payment to Mrs. Orlikow as an alleged “unsuspecting participant in CIA-sponsored experiments” indicated that Mrs. Orlikow “was a patient at the Allan Memorial Institute in Montreal under the care of Dr. D. Ewen Cameron on two occasions; the first between November 1956 and March 1957, and the second between July 1963 and May 1964.”
2

44 15 Feb 1979 To: Chief, Industrial & Certification Branch, CD/OS
Subject: Request for Security Approval of Liaison on a continuing basis
The liaison will be limited to an investigation of CIA/Burea of Narc. joint activities in drug testing and research during the 1950’s and 60’s. An activity of the Victim Identification Task Force.
1

  27 Feb 1979 United States Government Memorandum
To: Files
From: Richard E. Salmi, Staff Inspector
Subject: MKULTRA AC-AI-77-f0342 “... In a letter dated January 10, 1979, Admiral Turner requested that Attorney General Bell have someone designated to work in concert with the CIA to pursue this investigation. On January 25, 1979, the Attorney General replied to Admiral Turner’s letter and advised that the Drug Enforcement Administration would designate someone to work with the CIA. On February 5, 1979, Administrator Bensinger informed Admiral Turner that I had been designated as DEA’s Project Officer.
“Mr. __________ and I have extensive research at our respective agencies, and it is anticipated we will be leaving for San Francisco during the week of March 19, 1979. While in the San Francisco area, we will copy and research White’s diaries for additional leads, research a September 1977 San Francisco radio broadcast and interview current and former DEA employees. It is estimated that 20 to 25 current and former DEA and CIA employees will have to be contacted or re-contacted, either in person or by telephone. The persons to be contacted are located in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Honolulu, San Diego, Arizona, Florida, Chicago, New York and Washington, D.C.”
3

72 9 Mar 1979 Memorandum For: Deputy Director for Administration
Via: _____________, Special Assitant/DDA
From: ___________ Victims Task Force
Subject: Memo on search for victims
Description of plans by the writer “to attempt to identify victims of CIA’s drug research activity.”
3

  9 Mar 1979 Memorandum For: Deputy Director for Administration
Via: Robert H. Wiltse, Special Assistant/DDA
For: Frank Laubinger, Victims Task Force
Subject: Laubinger Memo for DDA
1. The potentially most controversial activity in the search for victims of CIA’s drug research is about to begin.This memo is to make the activities planned a matter of record and to assure that you are aware of them. I plan to go to the West Coast and points between in order to attempt to Identify victims of CIA’s drug research activity. Many of the activities I am about to undertake are on the ill-defined fringe of CIA’s charter. It is my opinion that the nature and spirit of the DCI’s commitment to the Congress requires this investigation. The controversial aspect of this activity results from CIA having no authority to investigate Americans and to engage in domestic intelligence collection. The Attorney General, however, has in a letter dated 17 July 1978, ruled that CIA can and should undertake this activity within certain prescribed limitations....
3

  21 Mar 1979 Memorandum For The Record
Subject: ___________ - MKULTRA Subprojects 8, 10, 63, 66, 75, and 114 - _______________________________________
“... ____________ said that he had been unaware of CIA interest in research funded by the ______________________________________ when that organization was supporting projects with which he was involved. Later, when he had a direct relationship with the Agency things were so well compartmented that he was unaware of any activities other than those with which he was directly involved....”
1

20 27 Mar 1979 Memorandum For The Record
Subject: ___________ - MKULTRA Subproject 22
“... I reminded __________ that our only interest was to identify individuals who might have been harmed by having been administered drugs without their knowledge or consent. __________ said he was certain he had no information that would be helpful to us.... ”
2

91 27 Mar 1979 Subject: TOM HANSON
“White’s diaries are replete with reference to ‘Hanson’ in relation to the various activities including the Chestnut Street safe house. ‘Hanson’ was identified as Thomas Hanson, the former Special Agent-In-Charge of the U.S. Secret Service office in San Francisco. Through the Secret Service in San Francisco, we were able to determine that Tom Hanson is retired and is currently residing at 400 San Gabriel, California, telephone number ________
“From what we were able to learn in San Francisco, White and Hanson were somewhat inseparable as far as their social relations were concerned. They were both very heavy drinkers and lunched almost daily at the Kuo Wah Restaurant in China Town, San Francisco. On Tuesday, March 27, I telephoned Hanson’s residence in San Gabriel in initial attempts to determine the extent of his knowledge on the safe house opera¬≠tions in San Francisco. After identifying myself and explaining the purpose of my call to a female who answered the phone, there was a muffled conversation and the unidenti¬≠fied female advised me that Mr. Hanson would neither speak to me on the phone or in person.
“In further attempts to ‘just speak to him for a moment,’ I was told by the female that Mr. Hanson has been consistently and unduly bothered by representatives of various media concerning his long-time association with George White and is, therefore, ‘fed-up’ and, therefore, adamantly refuses to discuss the issue with anyone.”
1

90 27 Mar 1979
Subject: Summary of Former FBN Agent
“... ______ stated he had absolutely no knowledge of any drugging experiments in the safe houses and conversely had no knowledge of the identity of anyone who may have been unwittingly drugged. ______ stated that Ira Feldman was heavily involved in the operations of the safe houses and that anyone would be able to tell us what transpired in the safe houses it would be Feldman.”
1

89 28 Mar 1979 Subject: Summary of Former FBN Agent
“... _____ commented that former Federal Bureau of Narcotics Special Agent ___________ was, for a period of time, Ira Feldman’s partner in San Francisco and also was aware of the existence of the safe house.”
1

88 29 Mar 1979 Subject: Summary of Former FBN Agent
“... Like most people we talked to, _______ stated that Ira Feldman, if anyone, would have knowledge as to the various activities in the safe houses in San Francisco.”
1

92 30 Mar 1979 Subject: Interview regarding George H White
“... As their discussions turned toward George White and his diaries, _______ had mentioned that he had been associated with George White during his OSS days, and that it was he, _______, who suggested and convinced George White and other OSS operatives to maintain accurate and complete diaries of all of their activities -- his reason in doing this was to provide OSS personnel with individual documented records (CYA) . [Farago] is the Hungarian born author who wrote Patton and other best sellers....”
4

21 6 Apr 1979 Memorandum For: Director of Central Intelligence
From: John F. Blake, Deputy Director for Administration
Subject: SUBJECT II    CIA
“I met subject at his home and I believe he made every effort to be forthcoming and helpful. He indicated he had been to San Francisco two times on Morgan Hall related business. One time was merely to be introduced to White. He only visited a ‘pad’ once and that was to assist in the planning for the aerosol delivery of LSD at a party. He examined the ________________________ and made recommendations on where and how much LSD to release. He related the failure of the LSD spray and explained the reason for the failure....”
1

93 10 Apr 1979 Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Synopsis of Interview with Charles Siragusa
2

87 26 Apr 1979 Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Interview of Ira C. Feldman
5

73 30 Apr 1979 Central Intellgence Agency
Subject: Letter to Dr. Gottlieb
3

22 30 Apr 1979 Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Telephonic Response of Dr. Gottlieb
2

96 30 Apr 1979 Memorandum For: Director of Central Intelligence
Via: Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, Deputy Director for Administration
From: ___________________, Special Assitant, DDA
Subject: MKULTRA - Notification of Unwitting Subjects
Letter to Birch Bayh from Stansfield Turner (2 pgs)
Letter to Edward Kennedy from Stansfield Turner (2 pgs)
Memorandum For the Record: MKULTRA Subprojects 3, 14, 16, 42, 132, 149, and MKSEARCH 4 - George H. White/Morgan Hall - Bureau of Narcotics (10 pgs)
16

  7 May 1979 From: Richard E. Salmi, Staff Inspector
Subject: MK-ULTRA AC-AI-77-F0342
There were a total of 149 sub-projects which involved the CIA’s behavioral modification programs - six of those sub-projects involved former FBN operated safehouses. The CIA has recently concluded their efforts to reconstruct the other 143 programs and have prepared a report of their findings for submission to Senator Kennedy. Their interim report also addresses the fact that a current investigation is underway to address the six sub-projects concerning the unwitting drug testing.
2

81 24 May 1979 Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Interview with _________
1

23 5 Jun 1979 To: Ted Murcheck, Acting Director, Office of Enumeration and Earnings Records, Social Security Administration
From: Don Wortman, Deputy Director for Administration
Subject: Requesting SSA assistance reaching possible witness to LSD victim
2

94 15 Jun 1979 From: Joseph Califano
To: Stansfield Turner
Subject: Letter from Joseph Califano to Stansfield Turner
2

  18 Jun 1979 To: ________________ Special Assistant/DDA
From: Seymour Perry, M.D., Associate Director for Medical Applications of Research, Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Subject: Letter on plant, Panaeolus Vanosus, containing psilocybin with references
3

24 27 Jun 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
Subject: Soliciting a reply RE George White
1

  6 Jul 1979 To: Griffin Bell, Attorney General of the United States
From: Stansfield Turner
Subject: Notification letter on completion of MKULTRA Investigation
1

  6 Jul 1979 To: Peter Bensinger, AdministratorDrug Enforcement Adm inistration
From: Stansfield Turner
Subject: Notification letter on completion of MKULTRA Investigation
1

95 9 Jul 1979 Memorandum For: Director of Central Intelligence
Through: Director of Central Intelligence, Deputy Director for Administration
From: ______________ Special Assistant to the Deputy Director for Administration
Subject: MKULTRA Notification of Unwitting Subjects - Final Report
Letters from Stansfield Turner to Birch Bayh, Edward Kennedy, Joseph Califano, Griffin Bell, Peter Bensinger
9

80 12 Jul 1979 Subject: For DEA/Salmi
2

25 12 Jul 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
Subject: Soliciting reply RE G. White’s diary
1

28 18 Jul 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
To: _____________
Subject: Letter to individual possibly given LSD by G. White
2

26 18 Jul 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
To: _____________
Subject: Solicit reply RE G. White’s Diary
3

27 18 Jul 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
To: _____________
Subject: Solicit reply RE G. White’s Diary
1

29 20 Jul 1979 Memorandum For The Record
Subject: MKULTRA - George White
3

31 25 Jul 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
To: _____________
Subject: Solicit more on G. White
2

30 25 Jul 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
To: _____________
Subject: Unwitting Subject of G. White
2

58 30 Jul 1979 Memorandum For The Record
Subject: MKULTRA Conversation with Walter Sheridan/Kennedy Com.
32

32 31 Jul 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
To: _____________
Subject: Bum lead
2

33 14 Aug 1979 Memorandum For: Mr. Herbert Hetu, Director, Public Affairs
From: _____________ O/DDA
Subject: Search for MKULTRA Victims/Request to Tour Agency
2

34 21 Aug 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
To: _____________
Subject: Seeking recipient’s brother
1

35 20 Sep 1979 MFR
Subject: Conversation with _____________________________
2

36 28 Sep 1979 Subject: to person given LSD in 1952 by George White
1

37 1 Oct 1979 From: Central Intelligence Agency
To: _____________
Subject: more on G. White diary
2

38 9 Oct 1979 Memorandum For: Director of Central Intelligence
From: ____________________ Special Assistant/DDA
Subject: MKULTRA/Notification of Unqitting Subjects - Addendum to the Final Report
2

59 22 Oct 1979 From: Stansfield Turner
Subject: Letter to Birch Bayh
2

60 22 Oct 1979 From: Stansfield Turner
Subject: Letter to Edward Kennedy
2

43 15 Nov 1979 Memorandum For: Acting Deputy Director for Administration
From: _________ Acting Director of Logistics
Subject: Record About Drug Experimentation
3

20 19 Jan 1981 Memorandum For: Director of Central Intelligence
Via: Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
From: Richard Helms, Deputy Director of Plans
Subject: Unwitting Testing
3

49 Jan 1952 to Jan 1955 Subject: George White diary pages
70

78 Undated From: _________________ Special Assistant, Deputy Director for Administration
To: _____________
Subject: Letter to Arthur J. Fluhr
1

70 Undated DDA Memorandum
Subject: Lists Four Goals
7

83 Undated Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Interview with ______________
1

84 Undated Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Interview with San Francisco Police Chief
1

98 Undated Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Synopsis of Interview with ______________, Special Agent FBN, San Francisco
2

82 Undated Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Interview with __________, former Chief of Police, San Francisco
1

61 Undated Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Meeeting with Mike Epstein of the SSC
1

77 Undated Memorandum For The Record
Subject: Reinteview of _____________
1

47 Undated Subject: HUMAN INVOLVEMENT Drugs
List of Subprojects:
1, 22, 145,
2, 124, 140,
7, 27, 33, 40
8, 10, 53, 66, 75 and 114
___ ___ ___ ___ ....
23, 45, and 141
38
39
44
45
57
62
68
70, 71, 72, and 135
73, 147, Research Grant 147 MKPILOT
91, 94
87, Grant 7
125
15

64 Undated From: Central Intelligence Agency
Subject: Letter to Joseph Califano & 4 Subprojects
14

46 Undated From: Central Intelligence Agency
To: _____________
Subject: Intermediary letter on behalf of CIA
1

  Undated From: Central Intelligence Agency
Subject: Letter to Peter Bensinger - Notifying Victims
16




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