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Native American Political Systems
and the Evolution of Democracy:

An Annotated Bibliography

Bruce E. Johansen
Professor of Communication and
Native American Studies
University of Nebraska at Omaha


Books, Scholarly, and Specialty Journals

__________. "From One Sovereign People to Another," National Geographic, September, 1987, pp. 370-373.

__________. "Selected Readings on Iroquois Contributions to the

U. S. Constitution." Northeast Indian Quarterly 4:3 (Fall, 1987), p. 29.

(*) Delgado, Richard. "Review Essay: Derrick Bell and the Ideology of Racial Reform: Will We Ever Be Saved..." Yale Law Journal 97 (1988), p. 923.

Egloff, Nancy Dieter. "'Six Nations of Ignorant Savages:' Benjamin Franklin and the Iroquois League of Nations." M.A. thesis, College of William and Mary, 1987.

Kickingbird, Kirke, and Lynn Shelby Kickingbird. Indians and the United States Constitution: A Forgotten Legacy. Oklahoma City and Washington, D.C.: Institute for the Development of Indian Law, 1987.

Johansen. Forgotten Founders: How the American Indian Helped Shape Democracy. Boston: Harvard Common Press/Gambit, 1987.

Johansen. "Philosopher as Savage: Benjamin Franklin and the Iroquois." Northeast Indian Quarterly 4:3 (Fall, 1987), pp. 21-28.

Mee, Charles L., Jr. The Genius of the People. New York: Harper & Row, 1987.

Tokar, Brian. The Green Alternative: Creating an Ecological Future. San Pedro, California: R. E. Miles, 1987.

Ywahoo, Dhyani. Voices of Our Ancestors: Cherokee Teachings From the Wisdom Fire. Boston: Shambhala, 1987.

Newspapers, Newsletters, and Magazines

__________. "Celebration Planned Here for Constitution's Bicentennial." Cornell Chronicle 19:3 (September 10, 1987), pp. 1,7.

__________. "Iroquois Constitution: A Forerunner to Colonists['] Democratic Principles." New York Times, June 28, 1987, p. 40.

__________. "Iroquois Great Law and Constitution Conference Set." IPN Weekly Report 3:35 (August 31, 1987).

__________. "With All Due Respect to the 'Founding Fathers:' Indian Contributions to the U.S. Constitution." Friends Committee on National Legislation, Washington, D.C., August-September, 1987.

_________. "Experts Discuss Indian Influence on U.S. Constitution." [United Press International] September 11, 1987.

__________. "The Iroquois and the Constitution." The Washington Post, August 25, 1987, p. B-5.

__________. "Arts Scene." Christian Science Monitor, August 20, 1987, p. 22.

Andrews, Dan. "City Officials Pay Tribute to 'the Great Experiment.'" [United Press International] September 17, 1987.

(*) Black. "Framers Took Some Cues From Iroquois System." Minneapolis Star-Tribune, June 1, 1987, p. 1-A, 14-A.

Debevec, Charles E. "Minnesota Issues." [United Press International] May 23, 1987.

Denvir, John. "A Book for the Bork Debate." [Review of Mee, Genius of the People] Los Angeles Times, September 20, 1987, p. 16[Book Review].

Faber, Harold. "Indian History Alive at New York Site." New York Times, July 26, 1987, Section 1, p. 36.

Fadden, Steven. "Forgotten Founders of the Constitution." The Grapevine (Ithaca, NY), September 10-16, 1987, p. 7.

Ferziger, Jonathan. "Special Constitution Package..." [United Press International] August 25, 1987.

Fiske, Edward B. "New York Revamps Social Studies." New York Times, October 20, 1987, p. B-1.

Glover, J. Denis. [of The Christian Science Monitor], "Forebears of the Founding Fathers. Los Angeles Times, December 11, 1987, part 8, page 5.

Johansen. "The Oldest Constitution?" [Letter to the editor] American Heritage, September/October 1987, p. 14.

Johnson, Tim. "Indians Trace Roots of Constitution." Daybreak 1:1 (Autumn, 1987), pp. 3-5.

Mohawk, John. "We, the Original People: A Celebration of the Principles of Democracy." Daybreak 1:1 (Autumn, 1987), pp. 2, 6-9.

Myers, Mike. "Those Ill-served." [Letter to the editor] Time, July 27, 1987, p. 6.

Naedele, Walter F. "An American Constitution Much Older Than 200 Years." Philadelphia Inquirer, May 7, 1987.

Prince, Richard. "Constitution Owes Much to 'Indian Givers.'" Rochester [New York] Democrat and Chronicle, May 21, 1987.

St. John, Jeffrey. "Constitutional Journal." Christian Science Monitor, July 27, 1987, p. 32.

St. John, Jeffrey. "Constitutional Journal." Christian Science Monitor, July 24. 1987, p. 28.

Shatz, Frank. "Iroquois Affected the Constitution." The Virginia Gazette, Sept. 19, 1987, n.p.

Shogren, Elizabeth. United Press International, August 20, 1987. In LEXIS.

Stanich, Susan. "Iroquois Roots Grow Deep in the U.S. Constitution." Seattle Times, October 11, 1987, p. A-16.

Yarrow, Andrew L. "Weekender Guide." New York Times, September 11, 1987, p. C-1.

Conferences and Public Events

[September 11-12] Cornell University, "Cultural Encounter: the Iroquois Great Law of Peace and the United States Constitution," Cornell American Indian Program, et. al. Proceedings were published; see Jose Barreiro, ed., Indian Roots of American Democracy [1988].

[November 27] Johansen spoke to a gathering convened by E. David Griffith, an attorney, at the Trianon of Colorado Springs School, for debate and discussion on ideas in Forgotten Founders.

[December 2] Hearing, U.S. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs, on S. Con. Res. 76, "To acknowledge the contribution of the Iroquois Confederacy of Nations to the development of the United States Constitution..." The hearing was held in Washington, D.C. A transcript is available.

Other Materials

  1. Letter, October 1, 1987, from Sally Smith, co-ordinator, Project Equal, Brooklyn, N.Y., to John Kahionhes Fadden, thanking him for illustrations of his which were used in an exhibit on the Iroquois and democracy to be used in schools. The project is titled "Forgotten Founders: The Iroquois Confederacy and the Founding of the American Nation." The title is an amalgamation of the titles of early books by Grinde and Johansen. Materials include a bookmark, exhibit poster, bibliography, and quiz.

  2. Two "Field Workbook Leaflets," with text and artwork by John Kahionhes Fadden, "a service of the Young Worker Program...of the New York State Historical Association." The leaflets, both titled "Native Americans in New York State: Symbols of the Haudenosaunee," outlines ways in which European colonists adopted some of the symbols and ideas of the Iroquois.

  3. Public Relations Newswire, December 17, 1987, in LEXIS. "Kirke Kickingbird Receives Bicentennial Award." The Institute for the Development of Indian Law will give an award to Kickingbird for outstanding contributions to the bicentennial of the U.S. Constitution. the award is based in part on his creation of a 36-page booklet, "Indians and the U.S. Constitution," along with a brochure and 15-minute video.

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