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Regenerating the Environment
Sustainable environmental systems for 100% of humanity; reversing
28 million acres of tropical rainforest lost per year
essential to the sustainability of the environment is the planting
of trees, both to relieve the global shortage of trees for lumber,
pulpwood and firewood, important sources of energy and income for
the developing world, and to reduce the effects of global warming.
initiatives to stop deforestation and major tree-planting initiatives
throughout the world, deforestation can be reversed, firewood shortages
can be eliminated, and desertification and global warming can be
partially checked. By planting 150 million hectares of trees over
the course of a decade, mostly in small clusters on hillsides, near
dwellings, around fields, and in high erosion-prone croplands, enough
trees for sustaining ecological, fuelwood and wood products needs
can be achieved. Planted by
local villagers, costs would be $400 per hectare, including seedling
costs. The effort would leave sufficient numbers of trees available
to meet the world's requirements for wood. In addition, global warming
would be decelerated by the increased conversion of carbon dioxide
to oxygen by the new trees, and the stabilization of endangered
soil and water regimes would be advanced. Desertification would
be stopped, even reversed in many areas.
of $6 billion per year for ten years could pay for the reforestation
program. An additional $1 billion
per year would cover financial incentives and rainforest protection.
The total cost of $7 billion per year for ten years is about 0.9%
of the world's total annual military expenditures.
What the World Wants Chart